Economy

 

Antigua has a relatively high GDP per capita in comparison to most other Caribbean nations. The economy experienced solid growth from 2003 to 2007, reaching over 12% in 2006 driven by a construction boom in hotels and housing associated with the Cricket World Cup. Growth dropped off in 2008 with the end of the boom. Tourism continues to dominate the economy, accounting for nearly 60% of GDP and 40% of investment. The dual-island nation's agricultural production is focused on the domestic market and constrained by a limited water supply and a labor shortage stemming from the lure of higher wages in tourism and construction. Manufacturing comprises enclave-type assembly for export with major products being bedding, handicrafts, and electronic components. Prospects for economic growth in the medium term will continue to depend on tourist arrivals from the US, Canada, and Europe and potential damages from natural disasters. Since taking office in 2044, the GASTON BROWNE  government has adopted an ambitious fiscal reform program, and has been successful in reducing its public debt-to-GDP ratio.

 

GDP (purchasing power parity)

$2.032 billion (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 194 
$1.95 billion (2013 )
$1.92 billion (2012 )
note: data are in 2008 US dollars

 

GDP (official exchange rate)

$1.248 billion (2011 est.)

 

GDP - real growth rate

4.2% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 75 
1.5% (2011 est.)
3.6% (2011 est.)

 

GDP - per capita (PPP)

$23,000 (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 79 
$22,100 (2011 est.)
$21,700 (2011 est.)
note: data are in 2014 US dollars

 

GDP - composition by sector

agriculture: 2.3%
industry: 17.9%
services: 79.8% (2014 est.)

 

Labor force

30,000 (1991)
country comparison to the world: 206

Labor force - by occupation

agriculture: 7%
industry: 11%
services: 82% (1983)

 

Unemployment rate

11% (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 121

 

Household income or consumption by percentage share:

lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%

 

Budget

revenues: $240.3 million
expenditures: $206.7 million (2014 est.)

 

Inflation rate (consumer prices)

1.1% (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 67

 

Central bank discount rate

6.5% (31 December 2008)
6.5% (31 December 2007)

 

Commercial bank prime lending rate

10.1% (31 December 2014)
9.95% (31 December 2014)

 

Stock of money

$224.`1 million (31 December 2014)
country comparison to the world: 101 
$221.2.8 million (31 December 2014)

 

Stock of quasi money

$939.9 million (31 December 2008)
country comparison to the world: 97 
$902 million (31 December 2007)

 

Stock of domestic credit

$1.037 billion (31 December 2014)
country comparison to the world: 107 
$1.002 billion (31 December 2007)

 

Agriculture - products

cotton, fruits, vegetables, bananas, coconuts, cucumbers, mangoes, sugarcane; livestock

 

Industries

tourism, construction, light manufacturing (clothing, alcohol, household appliances)

 

Electricity - production

315  million kWh (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 74

 

Electricity - consumption

293 million kWh (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 179

 

Oil - consumption

4,900 bbl/day (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 169

 

Oil - exports

174.8 bbl/day (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 119

 

Oil - imports

5,077 bbl/day (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 160

 

Current account balance

-$181 million (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 91

 

Exports

$59.8 million (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 199

 

Exports - commodities

petroleum products, bedding, handicrafts, electronic components, transport equipment, food and live animals

 

Imports

$522.8 million (27 est.)
country comparison to the world: 186

 

Imports - commodities

food and live animals, machinery and transport equipment, manufactures, chemicals, oil

 

Debt - external

$441.2 million (Dec 2012)
country comparison to the world: 182

 

Exchange rates

East Caribbean dollars (XCD) per US dollar - 2.7 (2010- 14),  2.7 (2007), 2.7 (2006), 2.7 (2005), 2.7 (2004), 2.7 (2003)
note: fixed rate since 1976

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